Arab israeli wars

Second Intifada — — Second Palestinian uprising, a period of intensified violence, which began in late September The territorial gains made by Israel on the Syrian front were also relinquished.

israeli wars timeline

The war was brought to an end with individual armistice agreements between Israel and the four Arab countries. It was a month when Hashemite King Hussein of Jordan moved to quash the autonomy of Palestinian organisations and restore his monarchy's rule over the country.

Events leading up to the hostilities started when Nasir struck an arms deal with Czechoslovakia — a move that worried Great Britain and the US who viewed it as a shift towards closer ties with the Soviet Union.

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Arab israeli wars

The hasty withdrawal lead to the immediate collapse of the South Lebanon Army , and many members either got arrested or fled to Israel. N sponsored Jewish state, several concentrations of Jewish population outside those areas West Jerusalem and Western Galilee , and areas along the roads where the invading Arab armies were expected to attack. The attack followed Egypt's decision of 26 July to nationalize the Suez Canal after the withdrawal of an offer by Britain and the United States to fund the building of the Aswan Dam. The plan called for installing Bashir al-Jumail, the Phalangist leader, as president of Lebanon who would sign a peace agreement with Israel and remove the Syrian troops from Lebanon. Both sides acted offensively in defiance of the Partition Plan, which foresaw Jerusalem as a corpus separatum , under neither Jewish nor Arab jurisdiction. A UN peacekeeping force was established between the two armies. The Arab guerrilla movement was subject to restructuring along with the emergence of a genuinely Palestinian resistance movement. He saw himself as the "supreme commander of the Arab forces" and "persuaded the Arab League to appoint him" to this position. In Libya , Jews were deprived of citizenship, and in Iraq, their property was seized. The majority of Palestinian Arab hopes lay with the Arab Legion of Transjordan's monarch, King Abdullah I, but he had no intention of creating a Palestinian Arab-run state, since he hoped to annex as much of the territory of the British Mandate for Palestine as he could. September is known as the Black September in Arab history and sometimes is referred to as the "era of regrettable events". In and , Israel launched major operations against the Shiite militia of Hezbollah , which had become an emergent threat. Jordan also signed a peace treaty with Israel in , making Egypt and Jordan the only two countries to have normalised relations with Israel, which continues to occupy the West Bank , East Jerusalem, Gaza , and a portion of the Golan Heights to this day. This strategy, called Plan Dalet, was readied by March and implemented towards the end of April. Jordan Further information: Israel—Jordan relations In October , Israel and Jordan signed a peace agreement , which stipulated mutual cooperation, an end of hostilities, the fixing of the Israel-Jordan border, and a resolution of other issues.

A year previously, he had commented that the fate of the most far-flung settlements in Gaza, Netzararem and Kfar Darom, was regarded in the same light as that of Tel Aviv. Under the resolution, the area of religious significance surrounding Jerusalem would remain under international control administered by the United Nations.

Who won the arab-israeli war

Great Britain saw the conflict as a means to regain lost ground. Egypt and Syria crossed the cease-fire lines in the Sinai and Golan Heights , respectively. The Arab League before partition affirmed the right to the independence of Palestine, while blocking the creation of a Palestinian government. Continuing ground and rocket attacks, and Israeli retaliations, eventually escalate into the War. These armistice lines held until. By early the Israelis had managed to occupy all of the Negev up to the former Egypt-Palestine frontier, except for the Gaza Strip. The First Intifada was a mass Palestinian uprising against Israeli rule in the Palestinian territories. The agreement also provided for the free passage of Israeli ships through the Suez Canal and recognition of the Straits of Tiran and the Gulf of Aqaba as international waterways. All of the Haganah's weapons-manufacturing was centralized and later became Israel Military Industries. Both the USSR and the Americans began airlifting arms, including tanks and artillery, to their allies as their stockpiles began to ran out. We will sweep them into the sea. The Jews, on the other hand, hoped to gain control over the territory allotted to them under the Partition Plan.

The inconclusive meeting between Golda Meir and Abdullah I, followed by the Kfar Etzion massacre on 13 May by the Arab Legion led to predictions that the battle for Jerusalem would be merciless.

Israel's stated aim was to stop such rocket fire from and the import of arms into Gaza.

Arab israeli conflict history

The hostilities ended with a ceasefire signed between the countries in with frontiers remaining in the same place as when the war began. Other Arab states King Farouk of Egypt was anxious to prevent Abdullah from being seen as the main champion of the Arab world in Palestine, which he feared might damage his own leadership aspirations of the Arab world. The conflict between them had cost roughly Under prime minister Menachem Begin and his then hawkish defence minister, Ariel Sharon, Israel launched a full-scale invasion of Lebanon on 6 June The invading Israeli forces promptly besieged Beirut and integrated their military effort with the Christian Maronite Phalangist militias, inside the predominantly Christian eastern half of Beirut. Under Egyptian and Syrian former presidents Anwar Sadat and Hafez al-Assad, the two Arab nations concluded a secret agreement in January to unify their armies under one command. Britain and France would then demand the withdrawal of both Israel and Egypt from the canal zone. The territorial gains made by Israel on the Syrian front were also relinquished. The nations of Iraq , Saudi Arabia , Kuwait , Algeria , and others also contributed troops and arms to the Arab forces. Both sides accepted a disengagement agreement.

Israel declared an end to the conflict on 18 January and completed its withdrawal on 21 January

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List of wars involving Israel