Argument against torture essay

The inhumanity of the act, along with its questionable usefulness and wider implications, makes torture always morally wrong. In this context, the life under terrorist threats is no exception and torture is equally prohibited in the fight against terrorism Hoffman, Far better for us to turn to an ethical code, ie, a decision procedure to convert our moral beliefs into action.

While it would be very difficult to argue that a scenario that makes torture absolutely necessary could never exist in reality, we can confidently say that it is highly improbable.

Argument against torture essay

Scholars who dismiss any justification of torture on deontological grounds, argue that the use of torture in exceptional situations is justifiable from a consequentialist perspective, as long as the positive consequences of its use outweigh the negative ones.

A prominent example that underlines this is the case of Al Qaeda Member Mohamed al Kahtani, who resisted torture for months before he released information Bufacchi and Arrigo, It is considered to be the duty of the state to protect its citizens from such threats, and the protection of the fundamental human rights, the right to life, liberty and security of person, is placed at the centre of counter-terrorism Hoffman, There are many other methods of interrogation that must have been tried and failed — developing rapport, plea bargaining, trickery, positive and negative psychological techniques, surveillance, disorientation and other non-damaging psychological methods.

justifications for torture

Torture creep is yet another reason to make the legal ban watertight. It is a principled view that might account for our rational rejection of torture, but Kant's Categorical Imperative is too much at variance with Anglo-American norms to explain the instinctive revulsion the practice commonly elicits.

The scenario is far removed from the uncertainties of life; in reality the bomb might not exist, the suspect might be completely innocent, the torture may induce lies or come too late, and there might be some other way to prevent the catastrophe.

Opposition to torture

Consequently, it follows that although some rights can be legally suspended in emergency situations, the use of torture remains prohibited. To add insult to injury, the torturer reflects back to us a magnified image of that repressed speck of sadism buried in all of us. The act of torture always implies an asymmetric power-relation between the torturer and the victim, in which the torturer is in absolute control of the situation and exerts dominance and force on a defenceless victim Sussman, 7. A perfect code would have to be complete, meaning that it covers all cases, but that is unrealistic. Whether it should be so or not is an interesting philosophical question, but in practice this point is already settled. Unfortunately, they do not imply that one should never torture. We must first examine whether there might not be a utilitarian reason to make legal exceptions. They could also provide false information to pacify their torturers. No code can be expected to be complete and always tractable, so the only reasonable answer is no. Nations have tortured, both within and without their own citizenry, for thousands of years. With the use of the ticking time bomb scenario, some make a desirable case that in special circumstances, there is a right to torture individuals implicated is acts of mass violence. Our immediate focus is on the inhumanity of torture emphasised by deontologists and the numerically greater threat to innocent people emphasised by consequentialists.

Can the suspect be tortured to extract the information? Do you worry about my ethical take on green Martians? Even though war is a brutal man vs.

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The Argument Against Torture Essay